Capital City Appraisals, LLC (804) 784-3020 has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
What is an appraisal?
What is an appraisal?(List of questions) The procedure of writing an appraisal deals with an evaluation which leads to an opinion of value. There are three "common approaches to value" which assists the appraiser come to this opinion or estimate. One of the methods is the Cost Approach - which is how much capital would be required to replace the improvements, less physical deterioration and other factors, then adding the land value. Another of the approaches is the Sales Comparison Approach - which deals with making a comparison to other similar properties within a close vicinity which have recently sold. The Sales Comparison Approach is commonly the most definitive and clearest indicator of value for a house. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is of most importance in appraising income producing properties - it involves estimating what an investor would pay based on the money produced by the property.
Describe what an appraiser does(List of questions) An appraiser produces a fair and credible opinion of market value, often in the context of a real estate purchase. Appraisers reveal the details of their expert investigation in appraisal reports.
What would cause me to need services from Capital City Appraisals, LLC (804) 784-3020?(List of questions) There are many reasons to obtain an appraisal with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for ordering an report include:
Is an appraisal the same as a home inspection? (List of questions)Home inspectors do not figure out an opinion of value and do not use the same forms as appraisers. A third-party home inspector will inspect the structure of the house, from the top to the foundation. Generally, a home inspection report will explain the amenities and the necessities of the home: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical functions, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural capacity of the home such as the attic, visible insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and other visible structures.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)?(List of questions) To be honest, they have nothing in common. The CMA uses market trends to create most of their business. An appraisal relies on comparable sales that can be verified by public record. Also, the appraisal verifies other factors like condition, neighborhood and construction costs. The CMA will provide a non-specific figure. An appraisal delivers a defensible and carefully documented opinion of value.
But the largest differentiator is who's doing the report. Real estate agents produce CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or bear specific competence when it comes to home valuation. The appraisal is produce by a licensed, certified professional who has made a career out of valuing properties. Likewise, the agent has something at stake since they get a commission based on the property's selling price whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to collect only a flat sum for assignments, regardless of their outcome.
What are the contents of an appraisal report? (List of questions)Each report should indicate a believable estimate of value and will document the following:
After completing the report, what assurance is there that the value indicated is veritable?(List of questions) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who employs appraisers?(List of questions) Typically, appraisers are hired by lenders to render a value opinion on a house involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the property is indeed adequate collateral for the loan. Appraisers also provide opinions in litigation cases, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does an appraiser get the data used to estimate values in Goochland County or other areas?(List of questions) One of the most important activities of an appraiser is to collect data. Data can be classified as either Specific or General. Specific data is from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are documented by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is collected from a many places. To look up recently sold homes to be used as "comps", we typically go to the local Multiple Listing Service. To verify actual sales prices, we look at items in the assessor's office and other public documents that are usually online nowadays. Appraisers routinely need to report when a property is in a flood zone, so that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And most importantly, the appraiser assembles general data from his or her past experience in doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
What can a full appraisal do for me?(List of questions) An appraisal is a worthwhile anytime the value of your home is relevant to some financial decision. For those selling a home, you'll want to figure out a price that gets you the most profit but doesn't leave your home on the market too long; an appraisal can help with that. When buying, be sure you're not overpaying by commissioning an independent appraisal. For parties settling an estate or divorce, an appraisal from Capital City Appraisals, LLC (804) 784-3020 is the best documentation to ensure assets are divided evenly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Knowing its true value is essential to making smart financial decisions.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(List of questions) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. This added policy guards the lender in case a borrower is unable to pay on the loan and the market price of the home is less than the balance of the loan. You can have your PMI dropped once you've achieved 20% equity in your home through appreciation and principal payments.
Do you need anything from the homeowner in advance?(List of questions) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. During this process, we will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. Inside, make sure it is clutter free and that we can get to things like furnaces and water heaters. On the outside, trim any landscaping so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of outside walls.
You can make our visit go faster and improve the quality of the appraisal report by having the following things on hand:
Define "Market Value"(List of questions) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Once complete, who actually owns the appraisal report?(List of questions) In most real estate transactions, the appraisal is ordered by the lender. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
This rule doesn't apply when a home owner hires an appraiser directly. In these situations, the appraiser may state how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Are some home improvements more worthwhile than others?(List of questions) This really depends on where the home is. For example, while quality appliances are attractive, a $7000 built-in refrigerator won't pay off in a neighborhood of moderately priced homes
No matter where you go, however, renovating a kitchen is almost always a safe move. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms weren't far behind, returning 85%. Adding bedrooms and baths can also help the value of your home as long as your home doesn't then become overbuilt for your neighborhood in terms of size.